Super Cavity: Bullets Through Water & Supersonic Subs

Projectile (red) travelling through the water in a bubble of its own creation. The flattened nose creates areas of very low pressure that result in bubbles (cavities). When these merge into a bubble that encloses the projectile, it is called supercavitation. Larger objects can use supercavitation but they must augment the pressure drop with gas expelled at the nose (e.g. rocket-powered torpedos).


The counterintuitive phenomenon is created when a projectile tears a tunnel through the water. This tunnel or super-cavity reduces drag on the sides of the projectile and it races along.

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